ping: ping a host and read the ping result

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Ping is a computer network tool used to test whether a particular host is reachable across an IP network. Ping works by sending ICMP "echo request" packets ("Ping?") to the target host and listening for ICMP "echo response" replies (sometimes dubbed "Pong!" as an analog from the Ping Pong table tennis sport.) Using interval timing and response rate, ping estimates the round-trip time (generally in milliseconds although the unit is often omitted) and packetloss (if any) rate between hosts. The word ping is also frequently used as a verb or noun, where it can refer directly to the round-trip time, the act of running a ping program or measuring the round-trip time.